Discover the science of weather and climate

Find out answers to your climate change questions and enjoy a range of weather and climate activities.

Climate and weather are two of the most talked about topics today. Politicians and scientists discuss climate change at length, and we are all too familiar with the devastating floods and hurricanes we see around the world.

OPAL scientists have worked with the Met Office to produce activities that will increase your awareness and understanding of weather and climate.


Your climate questions answered

Cartoon sun with thermometerWhat is climate change and how do we know it is happening? Can we believe long-term forecasts?

The Met Office has answered your burning questions about climate.

Get the lowdown on climate change from Met Office experts


Surveying the climate

Plane leaving contrails in the skyEveryone can have a go at the OPAL Climate Survey by downloading our free resources.

Blow bubbles, look for plane contrails and learn more about our climate.

OPAL Climate Survey

(Please note: we are no longer collecting results for the OPAL Climate Survey)



Games and activities

Screengrab of our Climate QuizHow much do you know about weather and climate? Challenge yourself to our quiz.

OPAL climate change quiz

Conduct experiments with your own weather station.

DIY Weather kit (PDF, 785KB)

Weather experiments from the Met Office


Web Quests

Web Quest screengrabWeb quests are interactive online activities that are linked with Key Stages (KS) in the school curriculum.

Wake up to the weather – create your own weather picture (KS1)

Extreme temperatures – discover life aboard an Arctic ship (KS2)

Investigating climate change – explore the science of climate change (KS3)


Extreme weather – what happens when weather turns ugly?

A car driving through flooded roadsFloods
Flooding is mostly caused by a large amount of persistent rain or storm surges.
Read about the floods that devasted Boscastle in Cornwall


Dry, cracked earthDrought
Drought occurs when there is a lack of rainfall over a long period of time.
Read about the European heatwave of 2003


Trees in a tropical stormHurricanes and typhoons
Hurricanes and typhoons are regionally-specific names for a strong tropical cyclone.
Read about Hurricane Katrina that devastated south-eastern USA


Forked lighteningThunder and lightening
Lightning is a large electrical spark caused by electrons moving from one place to another. Thunder is the sharp or rumbling sound that accompanies it.
Read about the Great Storm of 1987


Join the Weather Club
Obsessed by the weather? Indulge your passion by becoming a member of the Weather Club community.
Learn more about the Weather Club.

Join the Royal Meteorological Society (RMetS)
Whether you are interested in the science behind weather or the impact it can have on our lives, joining the RMetS is a great way to get more involved.
Find out more on the Royal Meteorological Society website

Be healthy, whatever the weather
The Met Office provides specific health forecasts and guidance for dealing with weather-related conditions.
Health advice and information


Policy and regulation
If you are interested in learning more about government policies on climate change visit: